Project entitled “Development of integrated geophysical/geochemical methods of soil and groundwater pollution assessment and control in problematic areas” implemented in the Environmental area under theprimary modality (called ‘the Core Call’) of the Polish-Norwegian Research Programme.
The project was developed through scientific cooperation between Institute of Environmental Engineering of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Zabrze (IEE PAS - being the coordinator of the project) and partners form Faculty of Environmental Engineering of the Departament of Informatics and Environmental Quality Research of the Warsaw University of Technology (WUT), Department of Chemistry of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim (NTNU) and Geological Survey of Norway in Trondheim (NGU).
The major outputs of the IMPACT project will be preparing the Overall guidance document for optimized two-stage integrated geophysical/geochemical methodology of soil and groundwater pollution status evaluation and assessment of risk to sustainability of soil and groundwater resources. As the first stage, the methodology will serve as a fast, cost-effective and reliable tool for the first qualitative and semi-quantitative evaluation of spatial land pollution with Potentially Toxic Elements (PTEs) in areas affected by the anthropogenic emissions as a result of local or long-range transport. In such problematic areas this method can serve as on-site early warning screening system and/or can be used as a permanent spatial monitoring method for identification of sites at risk (hot spots), where application of the geochemical methods of pollution assessment within the second stage will allow for the evaluation of the extent and scope of pollution interception/attenuation measures at the early stage.
The Overall guidance will present in a comprehensive way principles and procedures of the methodology, including stepwise procedures for measurement performance in different scenarios related to the land type (post-industrial and industrial areas, agricultural lands, forest areas, peatbogs), as well as to the extent, duration and source of spatial (non-point) anthropogenic impact, including local emissions and long-range transport. The guidance document will comprise all stages of procedure implementation: (i) sampling planning at both stages (including sampling locations, sampling depths, and the grid density of sampling); (ii) analytical methods, procedures and protocols, including applicability of EN and ISO Standards in geochemical analysis at the second stage; (iii) interpretation and evaluation of measurements and analytical data. Application of the two-stage integrated geophysical/geochemical methodology of soil and groundwater monitoring would remarkably reduce the scope of expensive and laborious analyses to be performed at the analytical laboratory and increase precision and timeliness of identification of areas at risk.